Scalp care

Scalp is one of the most ignored parts of skin. It can be viewed as an extension of the face. Plenty of resources and products are available for facial nourishment and care, but very few for scalp care. The scalp requires very different care than skin, hence should be taken care of accordingly. It matters greatly how you take care of your scalp. If you have a healthy scalp, it is reflected in the quality of your hair, as your hair fall decreases and the volume of your hair gets better. Scalp is the root connection between internal health and external beauty. It is highly important to keep it clean and hydrated just like rest of your skin. Therefore, building a scalp care routine can work wonders towards a healthy scalp.

Common scalp problems

Let’s take a look at some common scalp problems:

  • Dandruff is one of the most common scalp conditions that causes mild flakes and itching. It has different levels of severity.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis or eczema is a severe form of dandruff that causes flaky and scaly patches on the scalp.
  • Cradle cap is a common skin condition in newborns and babies that causes crusty or oily patches on the baby’s scalp.
  • Lice and nitsare wingless insects that live on the human scalp and feed exclusively on human blood.
  • Folliculitis is an inflammation or infection of the hair follicles. It is usually caused by bacteria.
  • Ringworm has nothing to do with worms as the name indicates. It is actually an infection that leaves round, scaly and red rashes or patches on the scalp.
  • Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin disorder. Its exact causes are still unknown. It is usually triggered by stress, food allergies or an infection.
  • Lichen planusis a skin condition that can cause discolouration of scalp as well as hair loss.

It is strongly advised to visit the Best Dermatologist in Karachi if any of the above conditions occur. In some mild cases like lice infestation, cradle cap or dandruff home remedies may work but proper consultation with your dermatologist would be preferable.

How can you improve your scalp health?

Here is how you can contribute to the betterment of your scalp:

  1. Oiling

Gently massaging your scalp once or twice a week is greatly beneficial. But you should avoid vigorous massage as it may result in weak hair follicles and hair breakage. Excessive combing is also not suitable for the scalp. Massage your scalp with lukewarm oil that suits your hair type and leave it overnight. You may also wrap your hair with a warm towel and leave it on for just an hour. But you should keep in mind not to overheat your scalp

  1. Exfoliating

Slough away the dead skin and follicles with gentle exfoliating before shampooing your hair. Do not use harsh scrubs. Exfoliation not only cleanses your scalp, but it also stimulates the blood flow to the hair follicles which will enhance your hair growth. Exfoliation is also helpful in treatment of mild dandruff and cradle cap.

  1. Shampooing

Selection of shampoo according to  your hair type is as important as anything. It is advised not to use shampoos with a higher amount of chemicals in them. Especially if you have developed any scalp diseases, you should first visit a Skin Specialist in Lahore who may prescribe you sulphate free shampoo. Another significant thing is that you should never wash your hair with hard or very hot water

  1. Moisturising/ Conditioning

Conditioning is one thing that most people ignore. Although most of the shampoos available these days have conditioner in them, it is not sufficient. Conditioners soften your hair and make them manageable. The softer the hair is, the easier it is to comb them, putting less strain on your scalp. Again, selection of conditioner must be in line with your hair type.

  1. Diet and Supplements

It is said that you are what you eat. This rule also applies to hair and scalp care. Eating foods that are rich in proteins like salmon or fish oil, nuts, poultry, legumes and greek yogurt, will contribute towards a healthy scalp and hair.

You may also ask your dermatologist to prescribe you supplements like Omega 3, antioxidants and probiotics, if your diet is not enough to meet your body’s needs. Remember, malnourishment is reflected from head to toe. So, eat healthy and look healthy.

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